Orthopaedics

List of Bones of the Human Skeleton

Typically, an adult human body is made of 206 bones. But most people say it to be 208 by considering the sternum as three separate bones. But certain variations in the anatomical features can lessen or increase the number in individuals. Most of such variations occur within the lumbar vertebra or the cervical ribs. The list of the bones of the human skeletal system is mentioned below –

Bones in Human Skeleton

The bones mentioned below are arranged based on their location starting from the uppermost portion of a human body. All the names of the bones which form a particular structure of the human skeleton are as follows –

Cranial bones-

The cranial bones are formed by 14 bones like –

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Frontal bone 1
Parietal bone 2
Temporal bone 2
Ooccipital bone 1
Sphenoid bone 1
Ethmoid bone 1

Inner Ear –

The inner ear of a human body is formed by 6 bones. Those are –

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Malleus 2
Incus 2
Stapes 2

Facial bones –

14 bones form our facial structure. Those include –

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Mandible 1
Maxilla 2
Palatine bone 2
Zygomatic bone 2
Nasal bone 2
Lacrimal bone 2
Vomer 1
Inferior nasal conchae 2

Middle ears –

Either of our middle ear is made of 6 bones mentioned below –

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Malleus 2
Incus 2
Stapes 2

Throat

Human throat is made of only one bone.

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Hyoid bone 1

Shoulder girdle –

Our shoulder girdle is made of 4 bones, 2bones of two different bone types.

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Scapula or shoulder blade 2
Collarbone or clavicle 2

Human throat –

In humans, the throat is made from 25 bones. Sometimes, people refer this to be 27.

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Sternum 1 (can be considered 3 if manubrium, gladiolus and xiphoid are considered as three separate bones)
Ribs (2*12=)24

Vertebral column –

24 bones make up the vertebral column of a human skeletal system.

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Cervical vertebrae 7
Thoracic vertebrae 12
Lumbar vertebrae 5

Arms

2 bones make up 1 human arm.

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Humerus 2

Forearm

2 bones of 2 different bone types form our forearms.

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Radius 2
Ulna 2

Hands –

In the hands, 54 bones make up the entire structure. The whole structure is divided into -

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Scaphoid bone 2
Lunate bone 2
Triquetral bone 2
Pisiform bone 2
Trapezoid bone 2
Trapezium 2
Capitates bone 2
Hamate bone 2
Name of the bone No. of Bones
Metacarpal bone (5*2=) 10
  • Digits of the hands (finger bones or phalanges)

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Proximal phalanges (5*2=) 10
Intermediate phalanges (4*2=) 8
Distal phalanges (5*2=) 10

Pelvis –

The pelvis bone is made of 4 bones.

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Coccyx 1
Sacrum 1
Hip bone (Coxal bone or Innominate bone) 2

Thighs –

In the thighs, two bones constitute the whole structure.

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Femur 2

Legs –

6 bones make up the leg structure.

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Patella 2
Tibia 2
Fibula 2

Feet –

52 bones make up the feet of a human skeleton. It is divided into three different bone structures –

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Calcaneus (heel bone) 2
Talus 2
Navicular bone 2
medial cuneiform bone 2
intermediate cuneiform bone 2
lateral cuneiform bone 2
cuboid bone 2
Name of the bone No. of Bones
Metatarsal bone (5*2=) 10
  • Digits of the feet (toe bones or phalanges)

Name of the bone No. of Bones
Proximal phalanges (5*2=) 10
Intermediate phalanges (4*2=) 8
Distal phalanges (5*2=) 10

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