Orthopaedics

Jammed Finger

A jammed finger is an injury occurred to the finger. This is an impact injury where an affected person may experience swelling and finger joint pain. This condition ranges from mild to severe that include joint dislocation and finger fracture. The symptoms, treatment as well as recovery period depends on the severity of the condition. Scroll down to get more information on the causes and treatments of jammed finger.

Jammed Finger – Causes:

Basically, a jammed finger is an injury to the finger ligaments. These get torn or stretched due to some sudden injury. This may also lead to finger bone fracture. This condition is referred to as jammed finger, baseball finger or mallet finger. Jammed finger may develop in any individual, but often observed in sports persons. This is injury very common in people who use their fingers and hands regularly in sports such as rugby, basketball, baseball, tennis, etc.

In some cases, people may try to catch the ball and it may accidentally hit the finger tips. This effects the ligaments and later transfers to the fingers, bones and finger joints. These may not cause any injury or may cause injuries such as finger joints dislocation, finger bone fractures, bruises in the finger joints, ligament tear, etc. Briefly, all the above conditions can be categorized into jammed finger. Apart from sports people, this condition may develop in common man also. This condition develops when the fingers get caught in the car door or when a heavy object falls on the fingers.

Jammed Finger – Symptoms:

Following are some of the signs and symptoms of jammed finger:

  • Loss of mobility
  • Numbness
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Difficulty in moving fingers

Severity of the symptoms depend on the type of injury. A complete loss or deformity may indicate a serious dislocation or a fracture that needs immediate medical attention.

Jammed Finger – Treatment:

Treatment for jammed finger depends on the severity of the injury.

  • Experts say that the most efficient treatment for jammed finger is pulling the finger out from the jam. However, it is not appropriate for severe injuries such as dislocation or fracture.
  • You may apply ice over the affected area, if you notice mild swelling. This remedy can also be used for some common sprain.
  • If pain or swelling increases or if the finger turns to blue or white, consult the physician immediately.
  • Use a gauze or splint when you experience intense pain while moving the finger. Also, you can tie the adjoining finger with an injured finger for the support.
  • An arm sling can be used for severe injuries.
  • Physical therapy accelerates the healing process.

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