Orthopaedics

What are Oblique Fractures

Even though bones are the hardest body part, they cannot endure impacts and higher forces. Bone fractures are very common among older people and young children. Collisions, accidents and falls also lead to bone fractures. Basically, fractures refer to breaking or cracking of bones. This can be due to trapping of a specific part of the body, impacts or twisting at an odd angle. If a bone fracture is diagonal to the bone’s axis, then it is referred to as oblique fracture. If the bones maintain an alignment post-fracture, it leads to non displaced oblique fracture, a displaced fracture occurs when they are not aligned.

Causes of Oblique Fracture:

Often, oblique fractures occur due to the bone trapping, when another bone twists over it. For instance, if your bone is trapped in something and the leg twists over it. This fracture is very rare and long bones are more prone to oblique fracture. Most of the oblique fractures develop at femur or humerus. As these are the strongest bones, the blow which causes fracture must be equally powerful. Oblique fractures are common in older people as their bones are more fragile.

Oblique Fracture Symptoms:

It is difficult to differentiate the fracture type as the oblique fracture symptoms are almost similar to other fracture symptoms. Pain is the primary symptom of oblique fracture. Bruising and swelling of the afflicted part are other symptoms. This type of fracture limits the movements of an individual due to extreme pain.

Diagnosis of Oblique Fracture:

For diagnosing fractures, X-ray is the most common method. However, it is not a reliable way to diagnose oblique fracture. Because, it may be misinterpreted and results in wrong diagnosis. An MRI scan or a CT scan may give accurate results to diagnose this fracture:

Treatment for Oblique Fracture:

It is must to evaluate the damage of the ligaments before diagnosing any fracture. If there is a small damage and it is difficult to move the afflicted part in future, a cast or a normal plaster is sufficient to join the broken bone fragments. A reconstructive surgery is performed if the damage is extensive. Metal rods or a cast and screws are used to fix the bone.

Recovery period is based on the damage to the ligaments and severity of the injury. It is very important to take care of the broken part of the bone even after recovery.

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