Orthopaedics

What is Impacted Fracture?

Even though bones are strong and are able to tolerate the strong impacts, some traumatic injuries can trigger cracking or breaking of the bones. Twisting or bending of bones at the odd angles or the collision with the hard surface leads to breaking or cracking of bones. Injuries due to collisions or fall are the common causes of bone fractures. Based on the severity of the fracture and the degree of damage to other parts of the body, fractures are categorized into various types. In some cases, one serious injury can cause the bone to break to various fragments. It is referred to as comminuted impacted fracture. If these broken bone fragments are driven to other bone fragments, it results in impacted fracture.

Causes of Impacted Fracture:

Injuries caused by collisions, falls or any other accident are the primary causes of impacted fracture. Children are more susceptible to get bruised bones or fractures as they fall frequently while playing. Elderly people are also more prone to this type of fracture as their bones are fragile. At times, excess usage of bones can trigger fractures. This condition is often seen in athletes and other sportsman. Moreover, this is a very rare cause of impacted fractures.

Symptoms of Impacted Fracture:

The most common symptom of fractures is pain. This pain can be throbbing and excruciating, based on the severity of the impacted fracture. In some cases, the pain can be intensive which makes the fractured part movement difficult. Swelling and bruising are other symptoms of the afflicted area. You may hear rattling and cracking noise from the afflicted area. Pain makes you lightheaded, clammy and dizzy.

Diagnosis of Impacted Fracture:

The most common diagnosing tool is X-ray. This efficiently identifies the fractured bones if the fractures are simple and if there are no broken fragments. Moreover, in impacted fracture cases, a CT scan or MRI scan provides detailed images of the broken fragments.

Treatment of Impacted Fracture:

Bone bruise treatment can be incorporated as soon as the location and extension of fracture is detected. A splint or a sling is needed to keep the fractured bone in place. Also, it prevents the mobility of the fractured bone’s sharp end, such that they do not drive further into other fragments. If there are several broken fragments, surgical steel plates, screws, pins, rods or wires are used to keep the fragments in place and inhibit further damage because of their movement.

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