Orthopaedics

Unexplained Bruises

Often, people fail to understand why they get bruised. We face some situations wherein even a mild mishap may also cause injury and subsequent bleeding. People may either slip from the stairs while rushing or cut their finger whilst chopping vegetables. The uncertain damage may take a severe form and the recovery period may be long. This is the main cause of unexplained bruises, wherein the impact is more than the exact cause. This article gives you information on the certain causes of the unexplained bruises in arms, thighs and legs.

Unexplained Bruises – Causes

Repetitive bruises may make you wonder “why do I bruise easily?”. It is very obvious. General reasons are discussed below:

  • Excessive consumption of blood thinning medications and anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Vitamin deficiency may also trigger unexplained bruises
  • Internal injury such as hemorrhage resulting in bruises and bleeding
  • Skin bruising becomes more vulnerable as you grow older
  • Negligence makes you more prone to accidents, causing easy bruising
  • Bleeding disorders such as nose bleeds or bleeding gums cause bruising frequently
  • Rigorous exercises may lead to microscopic tears in the blood vessels

Unexplained Bruises on Arms

Why does arm bruising occur very frequently? Getting hurt whilst lifting heavy objects, slipping off, bumping into a wall, etc are the most common reasons. However, you cannot justify the factor which causes bruises. Bone bruise in arms is a painful condition where the bones may become inflamed. Here are some causes of arm bone bruises:

  • Bone fracture
  • Anticoagulant medications
  • Arm injury
  • Coagulopathy
  • Outstretched hand
  • Mechanical trauma
  • Blunt injury of digits
  • Blunt trauma

Unexplained Bruises on Legs

If a person suffers from haematoma on leg, then he is more susceptible to get a bruise. Injuries to legs while playing cricket, football and other outdoor games are pretty common. Children may return home with leg bruises from the school. These are the daily experiences of human beings, yet the factors may be serious sometimes. The below list gives the causes of leg bruises:

  • Blood infection
  • Venous insufficiency
  • Scurvy
  • Spinal fracture
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Leukemia
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Coagulopathy
  • Anticoagulant medication
  • Leg injury
  • Blunt trauma
  • Skin fragility
  • Immune Thrombocytopenic purpura

Unexplained Bruises on Thighs

The reasons behind unexplained bruises on thighs is similar to the legs. Thigh bruises need more time to heal because it is the sensitive part of legs. Severe conditions may restrict the movement as bruised thigh makes sitting, walking and leg movement difficult. The medical factors are discussed below:

  • Von Willebrand disease
  • Liver disease
  • Trauma
  • Thrombocytopaenia
  • Purpura simplex
  • Leg injury
  • Lymphoma
  • Hemophilia
  • Thigh injury

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