Orthopaedics

Knuckle Pain

Knuckle joint is the place where the fingers meet the closed fist. This is also known as metacarpophalangeal joint. This complex joint contains many ligaments, tendons and bones. Injury to any bone, ligament or tendon may result in knuckle pain. This joint is more prone to dislocations and fractures. Knuckle swelling and pain may cause by many factors. Let us know about the causes and home remedies for relieving knuckle pain.

Knuckle Pain – Causes

Following are some of the causes:

Osteoarthritis

This is a form of arthritis which causes chronic cartilage breakdown. Often this can be the cause of stiffness and pain in knuckles. Because of cartilage degeneration, the finger bones rub against one another, resulting on thickening or chipping of bones. You may experience excruciating pain in the knuckles.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Arthritis and pain in knuckle are closely related. Often, pain in knuckles is marked with the onset of rheumatoid arthritis. Often arthritis causes pain and stiffness in knuckles. Rheumatoid arthritis occurs if the immune system begins to attack the knuckle joint because of which the bones and cartilage gets eroded. Dull joint pain along with burning sensation and joint stiffness are the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.

Brachial Plexus Injury

This is the most common form of injuries to arm, hand and shoulder. This causes damage to brachial nerve which carries signals from the spine to arm. This injury can be in the form of tearing, pinching or stretching in the worst cases.

Psoriasis Arthritis

Basically, psoriasis is a skin condition. However, nearly 10% of psoriasis patients suffer from joint arthritis. This is referred to as psoriasis arthritis. This condition involves skin and joints inflammation. Though, elbow joint and knee joint are more susceptible to this condition, knuckle joints are also affected with this condition.

Gout

This is another form of arthritis developed due to excessive uric acid crystals in blood. Often gout results in joint stiffness, swelling and pain. Usually, big toe joint gets affected. However, it affects the knuckle joint that results in swelling and pain.

Knuckle Pain – Treatments

Non surgical treatments

This involves immersing knuckles in hot water with salt. This decreases swelling and pain to some extent. Massaging is an effective remedy if the pain is due to pinched nerve. Magnetic therapy is another form of alternative treatment. This is also beneficial in relieving pain.

Pain Relievers

These are drugs which give relief from discomfort and pain associated with the knuckle pain. Often, pain killers are recommended if the pain is mild. These medicines are effective in reducing inflammation and pain. In severe cases, cortisone injections are given to the patient.

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