Orthopaedics

What is an Adductor Strain?

An

adductor strain

results in a groin strain. The adductor muscles are a group of five, viz.

adductor longus

 

,

adductor brevis

 

,

adductor magnus

 

,

pectineus

 

and the

gracilis

 

located in the groin and the inner thigh region. When any of these muscles get ruptured or torn, it would strain the adductor muscles resulting in a groin strain.

Adduction and Adductor Strain:

Adduction is the major function of the adductor muscles. Adduction is a movement that enables to maintain the body’s balance while moving the lower limbs during activities like walking or running. The adductors make sure that the right balance is achieved during sporting activities like sprinting, horse racing et.

In the absence of a proper warm-up adduction can get slightly affected which would result in straining the adductor muscles. Apart from a lack of warm-up, even over-stretching the muscles could also cause a strain.

It has been noted that around 30 percent Americans who are into sports are reported to suffer from this strain every year.

Classification:

Depending on the severity of the strain, these are classified into the following grades, viz.


  • Grade 1.

    Only 10 percent of the muscle fibers are damaged and considered to be a minor tear.


  • Grades 2+ and 2-

    . Anywhere between 10-90 percent of the fibers could be damaged and considered to be a moderate tear.


  • Grade 3

    . A full rupture is considered to be a severe tear.

Symptoms:

The symptoms also would vary depending on the grade of the strain the adductor muscles have suffered.

  • In grade 1 strains, slight cramping and tightness can be experienced after the accomplishment of the physical activity. Stretching and contracting the groin region could be slightly painful.
  • The signs of grade 2 strains are immediate as there is a sharp onset of pain which leaving the injured region tender to touch.
  • Grade 3 strains are rare and the symptoms include severe pain and bruising due to the bleeding of the internal tissues.

The general treatment for an

adductor strain

involves rest, ice massaging, compression and elevation. Ice massages would slow down the tissue bleeding and rest would ensure that the injury is not aggravated. The use of crutches for walking would also not lay much stress on the adductor muscles. Proper rest would enable athletes to return back to their activity in 3-6 weeks time depending on the grade of the strain.

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