Orthopaedics

Femur Bone Diseases

The thigh bone, also called the

femur bone

is in fact, the strongest and the longest bone in our body. So, given that this is the strongest bone in the body, it cannot be broken easily. Though suffering from a fractured

femur bone

is not that common, there are diseases (non-traumatic ones) that can affect the thigh bone causing pain in the knee, thigh or the hip.

Femur Bone Diseases:

As mentioned above, non-traumatic diseases can affect the thigh bone. Let us look at a few such diseases.

 

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

This disease of the femur affects children usually. This is a degenerative condition of the hip joint. What happens in this disease is that the blood supply to the ball in the joint gets reduced. A reduction in the supply of blood causes the ball or the femoral head to become unstable. Gradually, the joint itself may collapse.

12 year old boys are known to develop this disease of the femoral head and either one or both the hip can get affected at once. If the femur does not heal properly, then the child can develop osteoarthritis after reaching adulthood.

 

Ewing’s Sarcoma

Young children and adolescents between the age of 10-20 are known to develop this bone tumor (which is malignant) in the femur. As a person reaches puberty, the rate at which bones grow is very fast and it is during this stage, teens (especially boys) can develop this disease. The tumor can travel to the femur even if it develops at a distant location from it in the body.

 

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease where the bone mineral density in a person is very less when compared to normal people. This disease weakens the bones and leaves a person suffering from it vulnerable to fractures. A person would not know that the disease is in fact developing inside him/her until a bone is broken. Hip is one of the most commonly fractured areas in people suffering from osteoporosis.

The above mentioned are a few

femur bone

diseases.

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