Orthopaedics

Non-Surgical Options and Surgery for Treating a Crossover Toe

People suffering from

crossover toe

have their second toe drift towards the big toe with the second toe ending up lying over the big toe. This condition, if diagnosed during the early stages, can be treated without the need of a surgery, just using non-invasive techniques. But for this to happen, a proper diagnosis of the condition is essential. This is because, a

crossover toe

can be easily be mistaken for a hammer toe or Morton’s Neuroma, which usually exhibit the same kind of symptoms. And also, the treatment for these conditions is different from each other.

Non-Surgical Options for Treating Crossover Toe:

When the pain in the ball of the foot is severe, which is during the initial stages, this is the time ideal for treating the problem. This is because, the second toe has still not began to drift. Also, non-surgical techniques will help stabilize the joint, alleviate the symptoms and also address any underlying issues. Let us look at the non-surgical options.


  • Rest.

    This is of primary importance. Make sure that the injured foot does not have to bear any weight. To do this, keep it off the ground.


  • Ice packs.

    Use ice packs around the swollen and the aching area. This will help alleviate the two symptoms.


  • Oral medications.

    NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen can also be used to alleviate the swelling and pain.


  • Immobilization.

    Immobilizing the injured foot would enable a quick recovery.


  • Splinting and taping.

    Taping or splinting the toe will not only keep it from drifting but also will alleviate the pain.


  • Stretching.

    Tight calf muscles are one of the reasons for this problem. Hence, it is necessary that they are stretched from time to time.


  • Orthotic devices.

    Shoe inserts like a metatarsal pad or an arch support would keep the ball from having to bear any excess weight or pressure (the reason why a

    crossover toe

    occurs).

A surgery would be needed if the non-conservative techniques cannot keep the second toe from drifting towards the big toe. Once it starts drifting, it cannot be brought back to its normal position without performing a surgery.

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