Diagnosis and Tests

When you visit the health professional regarding the condition, you may be asked many questions about your health and the symptoms you are experiencing. A physical examination is done, and based on the findings; the physician may conduct some tests to diagnose the condition. Recommended tests include:

X-rays – These tests show fractures, deformities, and other conditions that affect bones, joints and vertebrae of spine.

CT or MRI scan – Any of these scans become necessary if the physician suspects the pain which is involving soft tissues, like nerves or disks.

DEXA (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) scan – A painless, quick and non-invasive method which is used to determine increased risk of developing osteoporosis.

EMG (electromyography) – This is a non-invasive method which helps in detecting muscle or nerve damage.

Diskogram – Here, a dye is injected directly into the disk to detect the degeneration or tearing which is causing pain. This is followed by a CT scan.

Neurosensory Testing – This is also another painless and non-invasive test to detect the extent of nerve damage.

Resource: http://www.medstarharbor.org/TestforOrthopedicDisorders